Psychological Condition of Richard Strickland in The Shape of Water

Alberta Natasia Adji, Azis Bilbargoya

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguraikan kondisi kejiwaan Richard Strickland, tokoh antagonis utama dalam novel The Shape of Water karya Guillermo Del Toro dan Daniel Kraus. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pembacaan cermat dan teori psikoanalisis dari Sigmund Freud dengan menelaah faktor-faktor psikologis yang memicu ketiga sifat utama Richard Strickland, yakni kebencian, rasa jijik, dan ketakutan yang mendorongnya melakukan kebiasaan-kebiasaan buruk. Simpulan dari penelitian ini ialah (1) ketakutan akan keintiman yang dialami Strickland membuatnya jauh, secara emosi, dari keluarga dan rekan-rekan kerjanya, yang mendorongnya untuk beralih mengabdikan diri sepenuhnya pada Jenderal Hoyt; (2) rasa rendah diri Strickland membuatnya segan menentang kebijakan-kebijakan brutal Hoyt, tetapi di sisi lain memicu Strickland untuk merasa berhak menyakiti hewan dan orang-orang yang berstatus sosial lebih rendah; dan (3) ketidakstabilan diri Strickland yang berakar dari rasa bersalahnya karena telah banyak membunuh yang membuatnya menekan luka-luka psikologisnya dan menghancurkan hidupnya.

Keywords


The Shape of Water, fear; unstable sense of self; low self-esteem; psychoanalysis

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31503/madah.v9i2.746

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