METAPHORS AND PRAGMATIC IN MINANGKABAU LANGUAGE

Yanti Riswara

Abstract


Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk melihat penggunaan metafora dan pola-pola pragmatik bahasa Minangkabau. Penggunaan kata-kata yang memiliki makna metafora dan pragmatik dapat ditemui dalam berbagai konteks kehidupan sehari-hari. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode simak bebas libat cakap (SBLC) dan teknik sadap. Berdasarkan analisis yang dilakukan, dapat disimpulkan bahwa sebuah budaya itu sangat berpengaruh terhadap pola-pola pragmatik dalam penggunaan metafora. Penutur asli bahasa Minangkabau dapat memahami dengan baik ketika terjadi perubahan makna dari makna literal ke makna metafora atau sebaliknya, sebaik mereka memahami kedua jenis makna berdasarkan konteks penggunaannya.

Abstract

This article aims at describing the u sing of metaphors and pragmatics patterns in Minangkabau language. The usage of such words with metaphors and pragmatics might be found in many every day living contexts. This research is a qualitatif research. The data collected during an intensive survey by using the listening method (metode simak) followed by tapping technique. Based on the data analysis, it can be concluded that a culture could influence the using of metaphors in line with the using of pragmatics. The native speakers of Minangkabau language have the ability to understand what they are spoken about even by using the metaphors. Exactly, there is no much doubts of when and where they turn to change the use of literal meanings to the metaphorical ones and vise versa in their every day language, as well as they understand the tw o kinds of meaningperfectly according to context in which the speech act taken place.

 


Keywords


metafora; pragmatik; bahasa Minangkabau

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31503/madah.v3i1.754

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@2017 Madah: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra (E-ISSN 2086-6038, P-ISSN 2580-9717), Balai Bahasa Riau, Jalan H.R. Soebrantas Km. 12,5, Kampus Binawidya Kompleks Universitas Riau, Panam, Pekanbaru, Riau. Powered by OJS

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