Formulasi Romansa dalam Beauty Case Karya Icha Rahmanti: Kajian Sastra Feminis

Tania Intan, Vincentia Tri Handayani

Abstract


This study aims to reveal the formulation of romance in chick lit Beauty  Case  (2005),  the  second  work  of  Icha  Rahmanti  after Cintapuccino  (2004).  The  methodological  approach  used  is  the study  of  feminist  literature  and  structural  analysis  methods. Because  chick  lit  always  discusses  women,  the  theoretical foundation  of  this  research  must  be  linked  to  women's perspectives,  includes  the  ideas  of  Radway,  Modlesky,  Gill  and Herdierckerhoff  who  were  used  to  explore  the  narrative  aspects of  romance  formulation,  which  included  plots,  characterization, and point of view. The results show that (1) although chick lit is a romance  subgenre,  the  novel  Beauty  Case  storyline  does  not follow  the  normative  narrative  standard  of  romance  because there  are  changing  plots.  However,  the  end  of  the  novel  follows the  romance  formulation,  which  ends  happily;  (2)  the  main female figure in the novel does not really make a search for true love, but rather searches for identity. In addit ion, the portrayal of male characters also does not follow the formulation of romance that has exemplary characters;  (3)  the storyteller in this novel is the first single person, the main female figure, with an  intimate, subjective,  and  limited  nature  of  storytelling,  according  to  the formulation of romance.

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap formulasi romance dalam chick lit Beauty Case (2005), karya kedua Icha Rahmanti setelah Cintapuccino (2004). Pendekatan metodologis yang digunakan adalah kajian sastra feminis dengan metode analisis struktural. Karena chick lit selalu membahas perempuan, landasan teoretis yang menjadi kerangka penelitian ini harus dikaitkan dengan perspektif perempuan, di antaranya gagasan Radway, Modlesky, serta  Gill dan Herdierckerhoff yang digunakan untuk mengupas aspek-aspek naratif dari formulasi romance, yang meliputi pengaluran, penokohan, dan sudut pandang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) walaupun chick lit merupakan subgenre romance, tetapi alur cerita novel Beauty Case tidak mengikuti standar narasi normatif romance karena ada beberapa plot yang berubah. Namun demikian, bagian akhir novel ini mengikuti formulasi romance, yaitu berakhir dengan bahagia; (2) tokoh utama perempuan pada novel tersebut tidak benar-benar melakukan usaha pencarian cinta sejati, melainkan pencarian identitas diri. Selain itu, penggambaran tokoh laki-laki juga tidak mengikuti formulasi romance yang memiliki karakter teladan; dan (3) pencerita dalam novel ini adalah orang pertama tunggal, tokoh utama perempuan, dengan sifat penceritaan yang intim, subjektif, dan terbatas, sesuai dengan formulasi romance.


Keywords


romance formulation; chick lit; feminist literature; structural analysis; Beauty Case

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adji, M., Meilinawati, L., & Banita, B. (2009). Perempuan dalam Kuasa Patriarki. Bandung. Retrieved from http://pustaka.unpad.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/perempuan_dlm_kuasa_patriarki.pdf

Gill, R., & Herdieckerhoff, E. (2006). Rewriting The Romance: New Femininities in Chick Lit? Feminist Media Studies, 6(4), 487—504. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/14680770600989947

Gray, P. (2000, March). Passion on the Page. Time Vol. 155 No. 11, March 20, 2000. Retrieved from http://content.time.com/time/magazine/0,9263,7601000320,00.html

Hall, M. M. (2004). Wickedly Savage Passions. Retrieved from https://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/authors/interviews/article/24874-wickedly-savage-passions.html

Humm, M. (2007). Ensiklopedia Feminisme. (M. Rahayu (Trans.), Ed.). Yogyakarta: Fajar Pustaka Baru.

Ida, R. (2014). Metode Penelitian: Studi Media dan Kalian Budaya. Jakarta: Prenada Media Grup.

Kasno, & Mujiningsih, E. N. (2016). Chicklit dalam Dunia Sastra Indonesia. Pujangga, 2(1), 121—169. Retrieved from http://journal.unas.ac.id/pujangga/article/viewFile/382/281

Larousse. (2012). Roman Sentimental. In Larousse (Ed.), Dictionnaire Mondial De La Littérature (p. 1—896). Paris: Karen Haddad-Wotling. Retrieved from https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k12005026/f2.image.texteImage

Meloni, C. (2010). Chickalicious: Want to Woo Reluctant Female Readers? Chick Lit May Be the Ticket. School Library Journal, 56(6), 32—35. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ922971

Michaels, L. (2007). On Writing Romance: How to Craft A Novel That Sells. Ohio: Writer’s Digest Books.

Modleski, T. (2007). Loving With A Vengeance: Mass Produced Fantasies for Women (2nd ed.). London and New York: Routledge.

Pearce, L., & Stacey, J. (1995). Romance Revisited. (L. Pearce & J. Stacey, Eds.) (1st ed.). New York: NYU Press.

Priyatna, A. (2014). Perempuan dalam Tiga Novel Karya Nh. Dini. (B. M. Wahono, Ed.). Bandung: Matahari.

Radway, J. A. (2009). Reading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy, and Popular Literature. Chapel Hill and London: The University of North Carolina Press. Retrieved from https://www.scholars.northwestern.edu/en/publications/reading-the-romance-women-patriarchy-and-popular-literature-5

Rahmanti, I. (2005). Beauty Case. Jakarta: Gagas Media.

Regis, P. (2007). A Natural History of the Romance Novel. Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press. Retrieved from https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/natural-history-romance-novel/

Reinharz, S. (2005). Metode-Metode Feminis dalam Penelitian Sosial. Jakarta: Women Research Institute.

Romance Writers of America. (2006). Romance Novels--What Are They? Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20061003170056/https://www.rwanational.org/eweb/DynamicPage.aspx?Site=RWA&WebKey=18bbfbec-455e-43ff-904d-61b1333ab206

Sabudu, D. (2014). The Formula of Romance (A study on Erick Wilson’s Fire Proof ). Kompetensi: Jurnal Ilmiah Bahasa Dan Seni, 12(2), 1—10. Retrieved from 103.123.108.6/index.php/kompetensi/article/view/134

Shepherd, L. (2016). How To Write a Romance Novel: Romantic Fiction Writing Tips Understand What’s Needed to Write a Romantic Love Story. Retrieved from http://www.howtodothings.com/hobbies/a4587-how-to-write-a-romance-novel.html

Stokes, J. (2003). How to Do Media and Cultural Studies. New York: Sage Publications Ltd.

Taylor, A. (2012). Single Women in Popular Culture: The Limits of Postfeminism (1st ed.). Macmillan: Palgrave Macmillan UK. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230358607




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31503/madah.v10i2.924

Article metrics

Abstract views : 25 | views : 20

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Madah: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

MADAH INDEXED BY:

 

 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

@2017 Madah: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra (E-ISSN 2086-6038, P-ISSN 2580-9717), Balai Bahasa Riau, Jalan H.R. Soebrantas Km. 12,5, Kampus Binawidya Kompleks Universitas Riau, Panam, Pekanbaru, Riau. Powered by OJS

 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.