White Superiority Deconstructed: Aborigine Values in Wongar’s The Track to Bralgu

Didimus Estanto Turuk


This research aims to rewrite the paradigm of a superior invader and the inferior colonized using Derridian deconstruction in The Track to Bralgu, a novel by Streten Bozig Wongar. It examines the depictions of the Aborigine to identify the superiority paradigm that is represented on the characters’ description and reveals how the depiction of the characters in the story brings the idea of the superiority of the colonized toward the colonizer by deconstructing the White’s paradigm. A descriptive qualitative method is a method used and a postcolonial approach is applied to conduct the research. The results of the study show that (1) the qualities of the Aborigine people which show themselves not being inferior are tracking and living in the bush, taking care of human being, transforming from human form into an animal form, and honoring the corpse; (2) the qualities of the Aborigine which deconstruct White’s constructed paradigm are skillfulness, humanity, and faith; and (3) the Aborigine people have no intentions to be better than the White people, they just live the way they believe. By living the life the way they believe, it is proven that the Aborigine people do gain the paradigm of superiority in the period of colonization.


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji ulang paham superioritas penjajah dan inferioritas masyarakat terjajah dalam The Track to Bralgu menggunakan konsep dekonstruksi dari Derrida. Penelitian ini menilik penggambaran karakter Aborigin untuk mengidentifikasi paradigma superioritas penjajah dalam penggambaran karakter dan menunjukkan bagaimana penggambaran karakter tersebut menuntun paradigma superiotas dari masyarakat terjajah dengan mendekonstruksi paradigma kulit putih. Metode deskriptif kualitatif adalah metode penelitian yang digunakan dan pendekatan poskolonial diterapkan untuk melakukan penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa (1) karakteristik orang Aborigin yang tidak merepresentasikan inferioritas mereka adalah melacak dan hidup di alam liar, peduli terhadap sesama manusia, bertransformasi dari wujud manusia menjadi hewan, dan menghormati jenazah; (2) karakteristik orang Aborigin yang mendekonstruksi paradigma penjajah ialah kepiawaian, kemanusiawian, dan kepercayaan; dan (3) orang Aborigin tidak memiliki intensi untuk menjadi lebih baik daripada penjajah, mereka hanya hidup dengan cara yang mereka yakini dan mereka menjadi superior dengan hidup dalam kebudayaan tersebut pada masa kolonial.  


The Track to Bralgu; postcolonial; superiority; deconstruction; aborigine

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31503/madah.v10i2.930

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